Houlletia Brongn. 1841
Subfamily Epidendroideae
Tribe Gongoreae
Subtribe Stanhopeinae


 
In Brazil, the genus has only two species, the one of the picture, Houlletia brocklehurstiana, which is found in the high regions of Serra do Mar, and the H. juruensis, that grows in the small swamp woods located at the headwater of Juruena River, in the State of Mato Grosso.
The H. brocklehurstiana may frequently be seen at heights of 600 m in the Tijuca Forest where they are singled out because of the imponence of their leaves and the robustness of their pseudobulbs.They are terrestrial, have a duplicative foliation, base inflorescence and grow in the high and steep banks of the rivers, where their roots mix up with red-colored clay and a large quantity of vegetal rejects. They prefer shadowy places the atmosphere of which be saturated with dampness.
Its cultivation is not hard to be made, however it is indispensable to reproduce their habitat’s conditions. Both in green houses and in the nature, the blooming –which takes place in March/April-- is not constant, not necessarily repeating itself every year.
The flower shown in the picture was the first one to grow, after 4 year of cultivation. The flower base is short for the size of the plant, with up to 8 flowers having a diameter of 8 cm per stem.

Text and cultivation of Paulo Damaso Perez. Photo by Iren Dietrich.






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